An Analysis of the Ecofeminist Viewpoint on Industrialization and Environmental Degradation in Starhawk’s The Fifth Sacred Thing

Fahimeh Sanati, Hessamaldin Nejati Hatamian, Tengku Sepora Tengku Mahadi


Ecofeminists call for a renewed ecological consciousness by integrating politics and the discourse of an embodied materialism. Their main intention is to interrogate patriarchal positions that prioritize men and marginalize women and nature. By addressing human exploitation of nature, this paper examines how the ecofeminist strategy for change does not necessarily overlook the advancement of technology. In other words, ecofeminism interrogates modern technology in order to negotiate better understanding of the domination of nature. This paper looks at how Starhawk applies an ecofeminist discourse, in her novel The Fifth Sacred Thing, in a way that reflects the capitalist patriarchal tactic of dividing and ruling lesser Others - namely women, the poor, peoples of color, and nature. The impact of industrialization and advancement of technology will be analyzed in relation to social well-being. This discussion addresses the fact that the advancement of technology may bring benefits to some but at the same time may cause natural disasters to others. Ecofeminist theory negotiates these emerging interfaces and revives socialist concerns for equity.

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Journal of Sustainable Development   ISSN 1913-9063 (Print)   ISSN 1913-9071 (Online) Email:

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