Evaluation on the Sustainability of Metropolitan Environment for Good Urban Management by Ecological Footprint Model

Farzaneh Sasanpour, Mohamd Solymani Mehrejani


Studying the current environmental condition in Iran shows the unsustainability and increasing damage in its ecological atmosphere especially in the biggest human’s accomplishment in environment which are cities. Resultant conclusions of the unsustainable development were alarms for environmental policy makers and people involved in preparing a collection of analytic methods and materials for evaluating environmental results and estimating unsustainability level of places. The purpose of this study is to introduce ecological footprint as a new way to evaluate the power of urban environments. Changing a linear and generator city to a circular and dynamic city in which production, consumption and recovering act ideally, is one of ecological evaluation accomplishments. Based on this study, evaluating sustainability power by ecological footprint has been calculated for metropolitan London 5/3, Santiago 2/6 and for Tehran 3/79 per person. This evaluation shows that they have more footprints than world levels (2/3 hectare per person) which show unsustainability of metropolitan environment because of the lack of suitable management. So applicable methods, attitudes and reaching evaluable and evident results are known as positive points of the new approach especially in improving urban governance and management.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v4n3p243

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