The Determining Factors of Rural Water Supply Pattern in Ugbokolo Community, Benue State- Nigeria

Aper, J.A, Agbehi, S.I


This study examines the pattern of domestic water supply in Ugbokolo community and investigates some of the physical and socio-economic factors that influence the water supply situation in the area. To achieve this, data was collected among 1784 households in 17 settlements in the community. The data was generated using questionnaire, field observations and measurements and analyzed into statistical tables and figures. The results of the dry and wet season patterns of water supply show that streams/rivers contribute 27.89% and 24.16%, and rainwater as 0.00% and 27.22% respectively. Mean daily household water demand in Ugbokolo community is estimated at 155,788 lpd more than the actual available supply of 113,249 lpd leading to shortfalls (29-2,381 lpd) across the community. This pattern of rural water supply is explained (84%) by conditions such as accessibility to sources of water supply, especially in dry season, government intervention, and availability of technical manpower and community participation in water supply projects maintenance, availability of storage facilities and amount of ground water yield. Water supply management in the community will require regulating the influence of these factors to achieve meaningful supply pattern as well as improve the ability of the people to cope through rainwater harvesting and increased storage of water in the rainy season to minimize the health and sanitation implications of water shortage. 

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