Structural Aspects at Phase Transitions in Ferroelectric Copolymers of Vinylidenefluoride and Tetrafluoroethylene

V. V. Kochervinskii, N. V. Kozlova, N. P. Bessonova, M. A. Shcherbina, A. S. Pavlov

Abstract


Permittivity and conductivity low-voltage temperature dependences of a ferroelectric copolymer of vinylidenefluoride VDF with tetrafluoroethylene TFE in the ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transition range were investigated. The as received films obtained by crystallization from a solution had the metastable structure shown in particular in coexistence of ferroelectric and paraelectric phases below a Curie point. Temperature dependences of electrical characteristics in the first and second cycles of heating differ. Low glass transition (–40 ºC) facilitate intensive micro-Brownian chains mobility in the amorphous phase at ambient temperatures and above. As per the x-ray and spectroscopic data, the first heating cycle will result in a recrystallization process for molecular structure improvement. Asymmetry of temperature dependence of a dielectric susceptibility in a vicinity of “order-disorder” phase change is found out. For the first time paid attention to the fact that for crystalline polymer ferroelectrics interpretation of the parameters of the temperature dependences of the dielectric susceptibility in the cycle of heating near the phase transition point should take into account the possibility of the premelt processes. First the method of IR spectroscopy shows that the melting of ordered structures, emerging secondary crystallization is accompanied by a change of the basic parameters (frequency position, the integral intensity and half-width) component of the doublet of valence vibrations of C-H groups. Such structural changes lead to the emergence of “anomalies” on the temperature dependences of conductivity.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jmsr.v3n2p59

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Journal of Materials Science Research   ISSN 1927-0585 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0593 (Online)

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