Quantum Efficiency of Hydroxyl Radical Formation in a Composite Containing Nanocrystalline TiO2 e Zinc Phthalocyanine, and the Nature of the Incident Radiation

Paulo S. Batista, Danilo R. de Souza, Rodolfo V. Maximiano, Newton M. Barbosa Neto, Antonio E. H. Machado

Abstract


In this study, we investigate the generation of hydroxyl radicals mediated by a composite containing TiO2 and 1.6% m/m of zinc phthalocyanine (TiO2/ZnPc) in aqueous suspensions containing methanol as oxidisable substrate. The composite features a specific surface 20% less than the value estimated for TiO2 P25, probably due to the covering of the surface of the oxide by ZnPc and the pH of the isoelectric point of this composite equal of 5.5, about two units of pH lower than the value estimated for TiO2 P25, are probably related to the difference in photocatalytic activity found for these materials. To assess the influence of different spectral bands of electromagnetic radiation on the production of hydroxyl radicals, we used different sources of radiation in experiments conducted to estimate the quantum efficiency of hydroxyl radical formation (HO•), via photocatalytic oxidation of methanol. The association between zinc phthalocyanine and TiO2 has allowed the formation of a light absorber material with absorption spectral range extended to the visible region. Our results suggest that, despite the higher values of FHO• for TiO2 P25, the combination of visible and ultraviolet radiation furnished by a high pressure mercury lamp without the protective bulb, or solar radiation, causes the composite to present good values for the same parameter.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jmsr.v2n3p82

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Journal of Materials Science Research   ISSN 1927-0585 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0593 (Online)

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