Reactivity to Oxidation of Metal Nanopowders after Electron Irradiation

Esen Dilmukhambetov, Tilektes Espolov, Madina Ospanova, Alexander Ilyin


The nanopowders of iron, nickel, molybdenum and copper received by electric explosion of wire were irradiated by an electron current on the liner electron accelerator with the radiation doses of 1, 5, 10 Mrad. The differential thermal and X-ray analyses were used to determine the effect of electron irradiation on metal nanopowders. Four parameters of activity of nanopowders were evaluated according to the differential thermal analysis: the initial temperature of oxidation, the completeness of oxidation, the maximum speed of metal oxidation and the thermal effect of oxidation. It was ascertained that the thermal effect of combustion increased after irradiation by 1.5-2.5 times. It was shown that the significant increase of the heat of combustion of nanopowders was caused by the increase of the internal stored energy as a result of the ionizing effect of electrons. The electrostatic model of surface charged structures of nanoparticles generated by the ionizing effect of electrons was offered, and its analogue is a spherical capacitor. This model makes it possible to estimate the increase of the surface energy of nanopowders by charging the spherical nanocapacitor with 110-1100 kJ/mol. Studies conducted on the X-ray analyzer have shown that the lattice parameters of the initial and irradiated metal nanopowders are greater than those of the standard samples of massive metals. Irradiation of nanopowders by accelerated electrons furthers stabilization of interplanar spacings of crystal lattices and brings them closer the standard of massive metals.

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Journal of Materials Science Research   ISSN 1927-0585 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0593 (Online)

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