Comprehensive Stiffness of Prestressed Lattice Materials

Mostafa S.A. Elsayed, Damiano Pasini


Several approaches to obtain the comprehensive stiffness of finite frameworks are present in literature; yet, the formulation has not been addressed for lattice materials and infinitely periodic structures. The objective of this paper is to introduce a systematic method to calculate the comprehensive stiffness of prestressed, infinitely periodic, structures and lattice materials with pin- and rigid-jointed connectivity. We first derive the comprehensive stiffness of a finite framework through the superposition of its material and nonlinear geometrical stiffness. By using the Bloch's theorem, we derive the irreducible form of the stiffness system of the finite framework, which represents the stiffness behaviour of the corresponding infinite, periodic assembly. Finally, the comprehensive stiffness of the infinite lattice is homogenized to generate the stiffness characteristics of the lattice material. A detailed example is provided to show the application of the methodology. Closed-form expressions of the elastic properties are presented for 12 planar lattices.

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Journal of Materials Science Research   ISSN 1927-0585 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0593 (Online)   Email:

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