Microwave Absorbing Properties of DBSA-doped Polyaniline/BaTiO3-Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Nanocomposites

Chapal Kumar Das, Avinandan Mandal


Development of RADAR absorbing materials (RAMs) is the most important research area in camouflage application mainly in Defence. Aniline was polymerized in presence of dodecylbenzene sulphonic acid (DBSA) as a functionalized protonic acid in water medium to form DBSA-doped polyaniline (PANI). Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (NZF) nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation method along with Bariun Titanate (BaTiO3) particles to form BaTiO3-Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles. Both DBSA-doped PANI and BaTiO3-Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles were thoroughly mixed in different ratios and the mixtures were dispersed in Epoxy Resin (LY556) matrices to produce RAMs. The spectroscopic characterization of the composite materials were examined by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The microwave absorbing properties return loss (dB) and important parameters such as complex relative permittivity (?r´ - j?r´´), complex relative permeability (µr´- jµr´´) were measured in different microwave frequencies in X-band (8.2-12.4 GHz) region. The composite materials showed that a wider absorption frequency range and showed maximum return loss of -15.78 dB (>97% power absorption) at 10.8 GHz. The mechanism of microwave absorption occurs mainly due to the dielectric loss rather than magnetic loss.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jmsr.v1n1p45

Journal of Materials Science Research   ISSN 1927-0585 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0593 (Online)

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