Solvability of Discrete Two-point Boundary Value Problems

M. Mohamed, H.B. Thompson, M. S. Jusoh


We study the discrete approximation to solutions of first-order system arising from applying the trapezoidal rule to a
second-order scalar ordinary differential equation. In the trapezoidal rule the finite difference approximation are Dyk =
(zk + zk−1)/2, Dzk = ( fk + fk−1)/2, for k = 1, 2, .., n, and tk = kh for k = 0, ..., n, 0 = G

(y0, yn), (z0 + z1)/2, (zn−1 + zn)/2)

where fi ≡ f (ti, yi, zi) and G = (g0, g1) are continuous and fully nonlinear. We assume there exist strict discrete lower
and strict discrete upper solutions and impose additional conditions on fk and G which are known to yield a priori bounds
on, and to guarantee the existence of solutions of the discrete approximation for sufficiently small grid size. We use
the homotopy to compute the solutions of the discrete approximations. In this paper we study the first-order system of
difference equations that arise when one applies the trapezoidal rule to approximate solutions of the second-order scalar
ordinary differential equation.

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Journal of Mathematics Research   ISSN 1916-9795 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9809 (Online)

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