Geochemistry of the Um Had Plutonites, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: Implications for Magma Evolution, and Tectonic Setting

Nedal Qaoud


Geochemistry of gabbroid and granitoid plutonites from the Um Had area indicates island arc subalkaline basic magma with tholeiitic affinity and calc-alkaline, metaluminous and slightly peraluminous magma, respectively. Although different in age both plutonite types were emplaced under compressional regime, where subduction-related environment was dominant. They were formed under relatively low to moderate water-vapour pressure (1–5 k-bars) at moderate depths (20–30 km). Biotite granites were formed at a relatively high temperature range (800–840 °C), while biotite-muscovite granites were formed under relatively moderate temperature conditions (760–800 °C). These two units may represent evolution from island arc to active continental margin. It is suggested that island arc gabbros might have sourced the late subduction-related calc-alkaline granitoids during the waning stages of the pan-African orogeny. The I-type nature of the investigated plutonites in the study area and elsewhere suggests the juvenile character of the basement complex of the Eastern Desert of Egypt.

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Journal of Geography and Geology   ISSN 1916-9779 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9787 (Online)  Email:

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