Mapping Precambrian Aquifer Architecture in Fractured Hydrogeological Setting with Vertical Electrical Sounding

Folorunso Adetayo F., Ariyo Stephen O., Ayolabi Elijah A.


Electrical resistivity sounding was employed to delineate different water bearing layers and their architectural parameters. Sixty Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were obtained in the built-up area of Olabisi Onabanjo University campus to map out variations in subsurface resistivity, which was used to determine aquifer parameters favourable for groundwater development. Interpretation of electrical sounding data helps in determining the resistivity and thickness of aquifers, aquifer and overburden thicknesses and depth to the basement. We employ a lithology-based hydrogeological model with definite boundary to classify the apparent resistivity. In this model, range of electrical resistivity values were assigned to different layers based on field observation and knowledge of the geology of the area. In all, five litho-units were delineated besides the topsoil, which are: clay with resistivity range of 25–53 ; clayey sand/sandy clay with resistivity range of 122–440 ; weathered layer with 62–119 ; fractured basement with 208–667 and resistivity above 720 were taken as fresh basement. From the initial lithologic-based model, we developed 2D model that conceptualized aquifer architecture and bedrock topography along the major traverses obtained in the area. Also, Isopac map reveals that the overburden is thicker in the western half while the 2D model and structural map clearly show undulating bedrock topography made up of bedrock ridge with elevations of 127.0–170.0 m and bedrock depressions with elevation of 97.0–123 m. Derived Geo-electric parameters revealed that aquifer quality increases as we move northward, though recommended aquifers cut across all the area survey. Based on the study, we recommended VES stations with good overall qualities to be developed to productive water-supply tube wells.

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Journal of Geography and Geology   ISSN 1916-9779 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9787 (Online)

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