Effect of Organic Fertilizer on Growth and Yield Components in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Morteza Siavoshi, shankar laxman laware, Shankar. L. Laware

Abstract


In order to study the effect of organic fertilizer on growth and yield components in rice, an experiment was carried out in 2008 and 2009, in randomized block design based on 4 replications. The chicken manure, cow manure and paddy rice were mixed together in 1:1:0.5 ratio to from organic fertilizer. The treatments of organic fertilizer were given in 5 levels (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 ton/ha). At one level organic fertilizer 1.5 ton/ha was mixed with inorganic fertilizers (N-50, P-25, K-25 kg / ha) and recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer-NPK (N=100, P=50, K=50 kg/ha) was used as check. The plants without treatments were served as control. Grain yield and its components were significantly increased in all the treatments over control. The maximum grain yield in 2008 (4335.88 kg/ha) was noted in plants treated with 2 ton/ha organic fertilizer and it was (4662.71 kg/ha) for 2009 for plant treated with combination of chemical fertilizer + 1.5 ton/ha organic fertilizer. An increase in the grain yield at the abovementioned treatments was may be due to the increase of 1000-seed weight, panicle number, number of fertile tiller, flag leaf length, number of spikelet, panicle length and decrease number of hollow spikelet per panicle.


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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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