Yield Response of Uniculm Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to Early and Late Application of Nitrogen: Flag Leaf Development and Senescence

Santosh Kumari


Nitrogen (N) supply increased flag leaf area by increasing cell number. N promoted initiation and development
of floret primordia. N availability upto ear emergence affected fertile floret number more than spikelet number
and increased the number of grains. Late application of nitrogen at 5 days after anthesis increased percentage
nitrogen in grains, grain weight and grain number due to its effect on ability of floret to set grain. Larger number
of florets and grains provided sink not only for carbon but also for nitrogen accumulation with high nitrogen
availability. The accumulation of grain protein depended on the accumulation and partitioning of reduced N
accumulated during the vegetative stage of growth and the relative contributions of nitrate assimilation and N
redistribution during grain development in low as well as high nitrogen supply. Flag leaf of ‘Gigas’ wheat
retained the ability to synthesize RuBPCO on induction of nitrate reductase by substrate supply at post anthesis
stage. The reductions in proteolytic enzymes were coincident with loss of Chl, total soluble protein and nitrate
reductase activity from the flag leaves.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v3n1p170

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