Quality of Cabernet Sauvignon Wines Determined by the Variability of Climatic Attributes

Tiago Stein, Ivan Ricardo Carvalho, Vinícius Jardel Szareski, Renata Gimenez Sampaio Zocche, Fernando Zocche, Keila Garcia Aloy, Lucas de Vargas dos Santos, Hyoran Caius Genindo Barreto Martins, Francine Lautenchleger, Velci Queiróz de Souza

Abstract


Essential to understand the dynamics responsible for the quality of red wines, the objective of revealing the physico-chemical and climatologic relationships that determine the quality of Cabernet Sauvignon wines. The experiment was carried out in the municipality of Dom Pedrito, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in the agricultural crop of 2016. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design where the treatments corresponded to nine microvinifications arranged in three replicates. The concentration of total polyphenols in Cabernet Sauvignon red wines is associated with anthocyanins, indices of absorbances of 420 and 520, as well as total acidity. However, the tannins are directly proportional to the total acidity of the wine. Environmental conditions with high rainfall, minimum oscillations in thermal amplitude and incident solar radiation tend to increase the hydrogenionic potential and the absorbance indices of 420 (yellow) and 620 (bluish) red wines of Cabernet Sauvignon. The thermal amplitude was preponderant to elevate levels of anthocyanins in Cabernet Sauvignon wines.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v10n8p380

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Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

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