General and Specific Combining Ability for Quantitative Characters in Sunflower

Thitiporn Machikowa, Chiraporn Saetang, Kiattisak Funpeng

Abstract


Seven sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) inbred lines were crossed in 7´7 half diallel to obtain 21 F1 hybrids which further used to estimate general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects for yield, head diameter, 1,000-seed weight, plant height and oil content of sunflower. The 7 inbred lines and 21 hybrids were planted in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand during 2008-2009. General combining ability and specific combining ability were estimated for seed yield, head diameter, 1,000-seed weight, plant height and oil content. The results revealed that mean squares for GCA were highly significant for head diameter and significant for yield and oil content. Mean squares for SCA were highly significant for 1,000-seed weight and plant height, while those of yield, head diameter and oil content were non-significant. Components of variance showed that the GCA variance was higher than the SCA variance for yield, head diameter and oil content. These results indicated that additive gene action was  more important than non-additive gene action for these traits. Inbred line 5A exhibited the highest GCA effects for yield and oil content, followed by the line 2A. Among all the crosses, 2A´5A showed the greatest positive SCA effects for 1,000-seed weight and oil content. Thus, the two inbred lines (2A and 5A) revealed good potential to be used as parents for hybrid.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v3n1p91

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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