Effects of Cultivar, Planting Period, and Fungicide Usage on Rice Blast Infection Levels and Crop Yield

Andi Nasruddin, Nur Amin


Studies were separately conducted to determine the effects of cultivar, planting date, and fungicide usage on rice blast disease, caused by Pyricularia grisea (Cooke) Sacc. [= Magnaporthe grisea (Hebert) Barr] in Kecamatan Manggala, South Sulawesi Indonesia. The four rice varieties were IR-66, Cisantana, Cigeulis, and Filipin. The results showed that IR-66 was moderately resistant to leaf and neck blast, with the lowest percentage unfilled grains per panicle. Cisantana reacted moderately resistant to leaf blast, but moderately susceptible to neck blast. Cigeulis was moderately susceptible to leaf and neck blast, while Filipin showed a highly susceptible reaction to both leaf and neck blast, and a 31% plant population death due to the blast disease. With respect to planting dates (February 4, March 22, and May 16), plants transplanted in March had the highest leaf blast severity, neck blast incidence, and the lowest yield. Seven fungicides (four are recommended for use in rice in Indonesia: flusilazol, difenoconazole, difenokonazole+propikonazole, and carbendazim (6.2%)+mancozeb (73.8%)) and three generally used ones (menefoxam (4%)+mancozeb (64%), chlorothalonyl, and metalaxyl) which were evaluated against the rice blast disease, showed the recommended fungicides for use in rice to be more effective in suppressing blast and protecting yield, compared to the other fungicides.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v5n1p160

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