Relationship of Endogenous ABA and IAA to Accumulation of Grain Protein and Starch in Two Winter Wheat Cultivars under Post-anthesis Water Deficit

Saeed Saeedipour, Foad Moradi


Accumulation of protein and starch in grain is a key process determining grain yield and quality in wheat. Under drought endogenous plant hormone levels will change and may have an impact on the yield and quality of wheat. In a greenhouse experiment, two winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties differing in post anthesis drought resistance, tolerant (cv. Zagros) and sensitive (cv. Marvdasht), were subjected to either well-watered (WW) or water-stressed (WS) from anthesis to maturity. On the 7, 15 (grain enlargement stage) and 31 (grain filling stage) days after anthesis (DAA), endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) were determined in grain of wheat plants by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The patterns of hormonal changes were similar in two varieties. The ABA levels were much higher under water deficit than well water treatment. In comparison grain ABA levels in all sampling stages was more in Marvdasht than Zagros. The endogenous grains IAA content display a marked reduction by the time and the water stress aggravated this reduction in both cultivars, however, the depresstion was more in drought-sensitive than drought-tolerant.  The relationship between yields and contents of starch and protein in grains and levels of two hormones in sink organ indicated that the changes in yield and content of grain starch and protein under water withholding were associated with the reduced IAA and elevated ABA level in grains. It was proposed that the changed levels of endogenous hormones under drought post-anthesis might indirectly affect protein and starch accumulation in grains by influencing the regulatory enzymes and processes.

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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