Statistical Method for Determining the Levelness Parameters of Different Coloured Polymeric Fabrics

Saher Fawzy Ibrahim, D.M. Essa, E.M. Osman


In this research work an objective method for evaluating the levelness (L) of coloured textile materials by spectrophotometric measurements is reported. Colour levelness is actually a description of the uniformity of colour shade in different places of the fabric. Thus, we use three different fabrics namely, wool, polyester and wool/polyester blend (65/35%), firstly these fabrics are treated with different uv/ozone exposure times continued for one hour exposure, followed by dyeing separately with three different dye classes; reactive, direct and acid. The colour strength (K/S) and colour difference ?E after exposing of the treated dyed samples to artificial day light are measured spectrophoto-metrically. The results of these measurements are statistically correlated with the levelness (L), relative standard deviation Sr (?), and the unlevelness (U). The obtained results showed that the dyeability, L parameter, U parameter and ?E values are greatly depend on the dye class used, fabric nature, and type of treatment applied. Where as these parameters reflect the effect of homogeneity of dye distribution on the fabric which decreases the colour fading of the dyed samples under test. Where uv/ozone exposure leads to the increase in the amorphousity of the exposed samples especially at the end of exposure leading to an increase in the exhaustion and diffusion of the dye inside the fabric pores besides, to its effect on districting the dye accumulation and hence increases the levelness of dyeing.

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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