Optimization of Soxhlet Extraction of Herba Leonuri Using Factorial Design of Experiment

Anees Ahmad, Abbas F. M Alkarkhi, Sufia Hena, Bazlul Mobin Siddique, Khoo Wai Dur


Soxhlet extraction technique is employed for the extraction and separation of chemical constituents in the medicinal
plant, Herba Leonuri. The main goal of this analytical study was focused on extracted compounds and extraction
conditions themselves. Soxhlet extractions were performed at three extraction time (6h, 9h and 12h) and with two
solvents (n-hexane and methanol). A general full factorial design with two factors (extraction time and types of
extractor solvents) was implemented. The Soxhlet extraction method presented a good yield of components in extract.
The study shows that methanol extracted almost double yield than n-hexane. The highest yield obtained with methanol
was 14.18%; while the highest yield obtained by n-hexane was 7.25%.The results also indicated that, for methanol
extraction, the mass yield percent extracted increased with increasing length of extraction period (up to 14.18%); for
n-hexane extraction, the mass yield percent extracted was not consistent with increasing length of extraction period. The
extracted oil extracted was analyzed by GC-MS. The compounds identified were vitamin E, palmitic acid and syringol.
General characteristics of the Herba leonuri oils obtained by different conditions were further compared, showing that
the composition of the Herba leonuri oil extracted by different conditions is mostly similar, whereas relative concentration of the identified compounds is apparently different. This study can be considered as the first information
on the chemical compound of Herba leonuri.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijc.v2n1p198


International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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