Preparation of Nano-ZnO and Its Application to the Textile on Antistatic Finishing

Fan Zhang, Junling Yang


Nano-ZnO was prepared by direct precipitation method with zinc chloride and sodium carbonate anhydrous as raw
materials, and its particle size and dispersion were characterized by TEM. The effects of concentration and the ratio of
reactants and reaction temperature on its dispersion in aqueous solution were analyzed and the best reaction conditions
were as follows: reaction temperature 60 centi degree, ultrasonic vibration time 40 min, concentration of the reactant 0.5mol/l and
molar ratio of reactants 1:2 for the preparation. The cotton fabric and the polyester fabric which were both finished by
pad-dry-cure process with antistatic finishing agent, which was compounded with nano-ZnO, were tested on their
antistatic property. According to the comparation between the cotton and the polyester treated fabrics on antistatic
property, the results showed that the charge density of the polyester fabric was reduced to 9.5×10-8 C/m2 from 5.8×10-6
C/m2, which was about 10 times as that of the cotton fabric.

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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