Study of the Interaction Between Water and Gelidium sesquipedale (Rhodophyta): Part II: Kinetic of the Drying Process

Moulay Chrif Hnini, M’barek Benchanaa, Mustapha El Hammioui

Abstract


The study of drying of red alga (Gelidium sesquipedale, Rhodophyta), with initial sample masses varying from 1 to 10 g, was carried at different temperatures 30 – 80 °C. The experimental drying curves show a slight effect of the initial mass. Two types of curves are obtained: those at temperatures below 50 °C are fitted into straight line according to an interfacial progression process in cylindrical symmetry. Those of high-temperature drying (50 < ? < 80 °C), are perfectly parabolic and show that the kinetic regime is controlled by the three-dimensional diffusion according to the Jander equation. The two types of water molecules identified were also highlighted during the drying kinetics process. The apparent activation energy of the strongly bounded water (20%) is about 36.25 kJ·mol-1, and that of the wetting water is in the range of 47.68 kJ·mol-1.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijc.v6n2p82

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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