Some Aspects on the Problem of Individual Activity Coefficients of Single-ion Species of Aqueous Strong Electrolytes

Armin Ferse

Abstract


Individual activity coefficients of single-ion species can neither be defined in thermodynamic terms nor determined experimentally. This does not mean that the individual activity of a single-ion species of an aqueous strong electrolyte does not have a real specifically individual effectiveness. Individual ion activity coefficients are required, for instance, for data about the potentials of single electrodes and liquid junction potentials in galvanic cells with transference. A purely mathematical method is written which allows the factorizing the mean activity coefficient into individual parts of the single-ion species. The experimentally accessible concentration curve of the mean activity coefficient is fitted with a quite new mathematical approach. The parameter set of the mathematical approach can be determined univocally and invariantly with the help of the asymptotic theory using corresponding approximations.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijc.v4n4p45

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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