Phytochemical Screening and Anti-Microbial Activity Studies of the Root Extract of Anthocleista Djalonensis (Cabbage Tree)

Luter Leke, Raphael Abah Onaji, Galadima Ahmad, Okoronkwo Monday Uchenna


The phytochemical screening of the root extract of Anthocleista djalonensis were carried out and indicated the presence of saponins, flavonoids, tannins, reducing sugar, steroids, phlobatanins, volatile oils and alkaloids which are active components present in the plant that makes it medicinal. 44.0 g of the powdered plant root extract using hexane gave a yield of 9.6 %, 39.77 g extract using methanol gave a 27.3 % yield, 28.9 g extracted using chloroform gave a yield of 11.2%. The thin layer chromatographic analyses carried out showed that two components separated from the hexane extract, two from chloroform extract, and one from methanol extract using the solvent mixture of ethanol/benzene/chloroform (1:1:3), ethanol/benzene (2:1), ethyl acetate/chloroform /petroleum ether (4:4:3). The anti microbial activity studies carried out showed that the plant extract is an antibacterial agent. It showed sensitivity towards disease causing organisms like Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhill and Staphylococci. This result reveals more on the the use of the plant Anthocleista djalonensis for herbal medicine.

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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