Removal of Zn(II) from Aqueous Acetate Solution Using Di (2-Ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid & Tributylphosphate

Brahim Guezzen, Mohamed Amine Didi


The extraction of Zinc (II) in acetate medium with di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) in chloroform diluent was investigated under different experimental conditions, in order to have a better understanding of the extraction mechanism. The extraction yield was found to depend on the concentrations of Zinc (II) and D2EHPA, and the equilibrium pH. The effects of acetic acid and the salting-out agent were also studied.

The nature of the extracted species was investigated by the slope analysis method. Graphs of log D vs. log [D2EHPA] and log D vs. pH were plotted for Zn (II), and the species extracted into the organic phase was found to have the composition (ZnCH3COO)R.HR.

The best performance was reached (80%) with zinc concentrations lower than 5 mM in a neutral medium. The extraction yield of metals decreased as the acetic acid concentration increased with any given extractant concentration. The addition of sodium acetate to the aqueous phase strongly increased  the zinc extraction yield (99.5%).

A synergistic effect was observed by the addition of tributhylphosphate (TBP) with the organic phase.

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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