Heterosis and Combining Ability Analysis for Yield and Related-Yield Traits in Hybrid Rice

Nadali Bagheri, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar


Study of combining ability and heterosis were conducted on 12 F1 hybrids along with seven rice genotypes (three
cytoplasmic male sterile lines and four restorer varieties) to know the pattern of inheritance of some
morphological traits for selecting superior genotypes. The experiment was carried out according to line x tester
mating design, during 2007-08. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among genotypes, crosses,
lines, testers and line x tester interactions for tiller number, plant height, days to 50% flowering, panicle length,
number of spikelets per panicle, spikelet fertility and grain yield traits. Variances of SCA were higher than the
GCA variances for traits except for plant height which indicated predominance of non-additive gene action in the
inheritance of the traits. The highest heterosis (106.60%) was observed in cross IR68899A x Poya followed by
other eight crosses for yield and most of its related traits. The proportional contribution of testers was observed
to be higher than that of the interactions of line x tester that revealed the higher estimates of GCA variance that is
additive gene action among the testers used. Within CMS parents, IR62829A and among male parents, IR50 and
Poya were observed to be good general combiners for most of the characters studied. The cross combinations
IR62829A x Mosa-tarom, IR68899A x Poya, IR58025A x IR50 and IR58025A x Poya were observed to be good
specific cross combinations for grain yield and most of its related traits due to highly significant SCA and
heterotic effects.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijb.v2n2p222

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