Cytoplasmic and Combining Ability Effects on Agro-Morphological Characters in Intra and Inter Crosses of Pima and Upland Cottons (G.Hirsutum and G. Barbadense)

Mohammad Reza Zangi, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar, Seid Kamal Kazemitabar, Mosarreza Vafaei-tabar

Abstract


Combining ability and heterosis were determined in a population obtained from the full diallel crossing of four different
cotton genotypes (G. hirsutum and G. barbadense) for agro morphological traits and yield. High variation was observed
for characteristics among parents and the F1 combinations. So, selection could be done for improved yield, yield
components and agro morphological traits. Barbadense 5539 and Termeze14 (G. barbadense) had positive GCA for
height, bolls/plant and sympodia branch/plant, Inverse, Sahel and Sepid (G. hirsutum) had negative GCA for these
characteristics. G. barbadense genotypes showed negative GCA for monopodia branch/plant, sympodia branch length
and boll weight, Inverse, G. hirsutm genotypes was observed positive GCA for this traits. The GCA: SCA ratios for the
studied traits were higher than one indicating the presence of additive genetic effects for most of the characteristics
studied, except for sympodia branch length.

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International Journal of Biology   ISSN 1916-9671(Print)   ISSN 1916-968X  (Online)

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