Studies on The Allelopathic Effects of Tithonia rotundifolia on the Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Legumes and Cereals

Olutobi Otusanya, Olasupo Ilori

Abstract


The study investigated the allelopathic effects of Tithonia rotundifolia on the germination and growth of two legumes (Vigna unguiculata and Glycine max) and two cereals (Zea mays and Sorghum bicolor). This was with a view to determining the susceptibility of these test crops to allelochemicals. The germination studies were carried out by raising seedlings in Petri-dishes which had been lined with Whatman No. 1 filter paper. Ten millilitres of 100%, 75%, 50% and 25% concentrations of the methanolic or water extract solutions were used for the treatments while distilled water served as control. Germination and growth analyses were carried out according to standard methods. The data obtained were analysed by Factorial Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to determine significant (P < 0.05) effects. The germination and growth of the juvenile seedlings of all the test crops were significantly inhibited by the methanolic and water extracts dose dependently. However, the methanolic extracts had a more pronounced inhibitory effect on these parameters. The study concluded that the methanolic extracts were more phytotoxic and had higher inhibitory effects on the parameters than the water extracts. Also, it was observed that the response of plants to allelochemical toxicity was dependent on plant species.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijb.v6n1p38

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International Journal of Biology   ISSN 1916-9671(Print)   ISSN 1916-968X  (Online)

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