Traditional Knowledge of Homegarden-Dry Field Agroforestry as a Tool for Revitalization Management of Smallholder Land Use in Kulon Progo, Java, Indonesia

Priyono Suryanto, Siti Muslimah Widyastuti, Junun Sartohadi, San Afri Awang, Budi .

Abstract


Agroforestry homegarden-dry field are the last biodiversity resort of land management which synergizes the production and the conservation as well. Market orientation changes will encourage dry field homegarden monoculturization to be a threat. Based on these considerations homegarden-dry field has a degree of urgency for management revitalization to do. This study aims to determine the traditional knowledge of homegarden-dry field agroforestry management and its developer’s revitalization scheme. This research was conducted in Kulonprogo Regency, Java, Indonesia with three agroecological zones of the Kulon Progo Coastal Plain (cluster 1); Kulon Progo Plain (cluster 2) and Kulon Progo Hills-Mountains zone (cluster 3).

The traditional practices that are developed in the agroforestry management can be seen from the space arrangement in the homegarden-dry fields that seems to be perfunctory. On its function connectivity there is an overlap among the cultivated species -trees and seasonal crops- but its productivity is low. However, crop and tree species diversity in agroforestry systems is higher compared to agriculture and forest crops. Based on these considerations then revitalization management of agroforestry homegarden-dry field (RMA-HD) is made by integrating in a single management unit. Through RMA-HD schemes, agroforestry in the outside part of the forest will have a new management approach, and may be promising for agroforestry reference in Indonesia, particularly for the pro-poor program which is compatible with the intensive smallholder management.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijb.v4n2p173

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Journal of Biology   ISSN 1916-9671(Print)   ISSN 1916-968X  (Online)

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