Hearing Loss in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Mahnaz Abbasi, Zohreh Yazdi, Amir Mohammad Kazemifar, Zahra Zarin Bakhsh


Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus has its unique complications which warrant careful examination and assessment during follow/up visits of patients. The present study was conducted to evaluate prevalence of hearing loss in patients with SLE.

Materials & Methods: At present a case- control study has been performed on 45 patients with SLE in a clinic of a teaching university hospital, Qazvin city, Iran. The patients were examined and evaluated for auditory and hearing problems as well as parameters related to their disease severity and progression. The control group was selected from the same clinic.

Results: Five patients (11.1%) complained from hearing loss, 4 patients s (8.9%) complained from otorrhea, 3 patients (6.7%) had tinnitus in research group, moreover twelve patients (26.7%) in case group and 4 patients (8.9%) in control group had sensorineural hearing loss. The difference was found to be statistically significant. No statistical significant relationship was found between severity, age of onset, and duration of the disease, and the lab tests of the patients with hearing loss.

Conclusion: The present study implies that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus may develop sensorineural hearing loss during their course of the disease. It is recommended that audiology examination and/or audiometry become a part of routine follow/up studies of the patients.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v5n5p102

Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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