Small Cell Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix Misdiagnosed as Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Aymen Lagha, Nadia Bouzid, Samia Kanoun Belajouza, Soumaya Labidi, Asma Saiidi, Hamouda Boussen, Noureddine Bouaouina


Small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor. It presents clinical and biological features of both cervical neoplasm such as local aggressiveness, and small cell cancer such as early spread and metastases. To date, an effective treatment protocol is not well established. Case: On March 2009, a 44-year-old pregnant woman with small cell carcinoma of the cervix misdiagnosed initially as squamous cell carcinoma, was treated with chemoradiation followed by surgery and brachytherapy. Twenty-three months later, she experienced brain metastases. A metastasectomy lead to an accurate diagnosis. Palliative whole brain radiotherapy was conducted. The patient died of evolutive disease on August 2012. Conclusion: The optimal therapeutic approach of small cell carcinoma of the cervix is still to define. Further studies regarding multimodal treatment are necessary to achieve a significant survival benefit.

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Cancer and Clinical Oncology   ISSN 1927-4858(Print)   ISSN 1927-4866(Online)   Email:

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