Living Conditions and the Path to Healing Victim’s Families after Violence in Southern Thailand: A Case Study in Pattani Province

Apiradee Lim, Chamnein Choonpradub, Phattrawan Tongkumchum, Sarawuth Chesoh


This study aimed to investigate the living conditions of victims’ families from the unrest in Pattani, Thailand, and to evaluate the success of the “healing victims’ project”. A total of 284 victim families in Pattani province were interviewed during January to October 2007. The informants were most commonly the victims’ wife (73%), were on average 42.2±12.8 years of age. The majority of victims were male (95.8%), were the head of the family (84.5%), of working age (45.9 ± 12.4). 51.4% were Muslim. Most were married (85.9%) and 88.5% of the victims had children. The most common educational level was primary (48.8%) and the most common occupation was agriculture (19%). Most were shot (88%) and 65.1% died. Of all victims, 19.4% incurred asset damage. There were a median of 3 (0 - 9) dependents per family. Aspects of family life that deteriorated most severely after the assault were their sense of personal security and total value of their assets (70.4%) followed by stress (66.6%) and financial problems (65.9%). Aid was received from either government or private sectors by 96.5% of families but 64.1% reported that it fell short of needs. The most urgent need for aid was financial (40.6%), scholarship for children (22.6%) and personal security and assets (16.6%). In practice the most frequent aid received was financial (92.7%). There were 732 children from 284 victim families. The average age was 17.1 ± 10.4 years and 54.2 % were female. Although most of victims’ families received some aid, there is a need to monitor system and comprehensive and swift assistance for those affected.

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Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)

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