Hope and Its Relation to Suicidal Risk Behaviors among Malaysian Adolescents

Choon Min Wai, Mansor Abu Talib, Siti Nor Yaacob, Tan Jo Pei, Hamidin Awang, Sallahuddin Hassan, Zanariah Ismail


Suicide is an epidemic issue worldwide and Asian countries are of no exception. In Malaysia, adolescent suicide constituted 10% of the overall reported suicide cases. Aforementioned, the current study examines Snyder’s theory of hope to understand suicidal risk among Malaysian adolescents. A total of 1441 adolescents were recruited using a multistage cluster sampling. Results showed significant relationship between both agency and pathway thinking with risk of suicidal behavior. Specifically, only agency thinking uniquely predicts adolescents’ suicidal risk in a regression model. Adolescents with higher motivation towards accomplishing a goal or plan have lower risk engaging in suicidal behaviors. Thus, suicide prevention focusing on increasing hope is significantly important. Limitations were discussed in the study.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v10n12p67

Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)

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