New Theory on Foundation and Principle in Rural Anti-poverty

Xiaoxia Zhao, Zhaoquan Fan

Abstract


Anti-poverty is a common subject that all countries are facing with today. Amartya Sen defined it as a lack of capability instead of just a low income. According to his theory, combined with great changes in rural management structure since China implemented reform and opening-up policy, the thesis proposes a new concept of anti-poverty to develop communities’ capability on the basis of rural communities. The break-ground activities of anti-poverty can begin with the rural communities on the principle of adhering to capability construction rather than material input with the fundamental purpose of developing community capability in rural areas. It is suitable to construct a multi-dimensional anti-poverty system taking governments as the leading part, villagers as the self-managers, and social institutions as the supporting parts and market as the adjustment mean. Thus, capability-oriented anti-poverty mechanism and the development road on inner resources can take shape in china’s rural areas.

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Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)

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