Contrasts of Socio-cultural Sexual Differentiation or Discrimination within Chinese and Polish Factories in the Context of Environmental Performance

John H.S. Craig, Mark Lemon


This paper presents elements of case study research carried out in twelve factories involved with heavy industry in China and Poland. The research examined how objective measures of environmental performance, derived from expert assessment of the management systems, compare with the perceptions of that performance throughout the managerial ranks. This current paper examines gender-related differences in the perceptions of environmental aspects and the effects these might have on the control of environmental degradation and, further, gender-related differences between perceptions and empirical realities of selected environmental variables.
The paper initially sketches out the factory locations and a short history of the research and research questions related to the environment and production.  It goes on to outline the management expertise levels and presents concepts of environmental performance and the managers’ perceptions of this performance.  The novel methodology used in the collection and analysis of data is described briefly followed by analyses of the data and a subsequent discussion of the findings. Finally, certain conclusions about the proven gender differentiation are summarized and a proposal for some remediation of deleterious affects of both this differentiation and of the organizational dynamics.

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Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)

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