The Survey of Correlate Causes of Learning Disabilities Prevalence among Elementary Students

Zeinab Mihandoost


This study aims to investigate the rate of learning disabilities prevalence and correlate causes among the elementary school students in Ilam, Iran. The research design of the current study was casual-comparative and the population of the study included the third, fourth and fifth graders of the elementary schools in Ilam, Iran. In this research, cluster sampling was employed which covered six hundred students from different classes chosen randomly from a population of clusters. The basis of this sample was the checklist approved by the school teachers on the children with learning disabilities Furthermore, the students’ notebooks on the dictation, composition and mathematics were also taken into consideration. The study population was randomly divided into two groups: one was a group with learning disabilities which included 36 participants and the other was a normal group with the same size of population. Both groups were asked to answer the Wisc, Wepman and Mariyan Framstick tests as well as tests on reading, writing and math. The method of data gathering was individual information that was collected by the researcher. The result of this study revealed that 11.40% of the students in third, fourth and fifth grades of elementary schools had learning disabilities. The correlate causes of learning disabilities indicated that the students had problems with memory retention, visual acuity, and hearing memory.

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