New Electromagnetic Theory of the Origin of Saturn Rings From Superconducting Iced Particles of the Protoplanetary Cloud (The Unified Theory of the Planetary Rings Origin)

Vladimir V. Tchernyi


It is shown from electromagnetic consideration that the rings of Saturn may have a superconducting origin. The rings appear as a result of an interaction of the superconducting particles of the protoplanetary cloud with the nonuniform magnetic field of Saturn. As a result, superconducting particles are localized as a disk of rings in the magnetic equator plane, where the full energy of the particles has a minimum value. The gravitational resonances and other interactions also play an important role and they help bringing the order to the system of rings and gaps. Rings of Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune occurred the same way. Therefore, we propose a unified theory of the planetary rings origin.

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Applied Physics Research   ISSN 1916-9639 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9647 (Online)   Email:

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