The Fifth Force, the Sixth Force and the Spring Force

Ling Man Tsang

Abstract


Upon  revisiting the famous Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments on the gravitational red-shift , the fifth and even the sixth force in nature are in fact the stretching and compression force of the spring , where the spring term is the cosmological constant in Einstein’s field equations.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/apr.v4n2p229

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