Gallium Arsenide Nanowires Formed by Au-assisted Metal-organic Chemical Vapor Deposition: Effect of Growth Temperature

Rosnita Muhammad, Zulkafli Othaman, Yussof Wahab, Samsudi Sakrani, W. Faizal W. Ahmad, Mohd Nazri

Abstract


We have investigated the growth of gallium arsenide (GaAs) nanowires as a function of temperatures in metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) to establish the mechanisms that govern wire growth and to optimize growth conditions.  The growth follows the vapor-liquid-solid method by applying nanoparticle gold colloid as a catalyst to forms a eutectic liquid alloy with the substrate.  The semi insulating undoped (111)B GaAs was first dipped in the poly-L-lysine solution before 30nm gold colloid dropped on the substrate surface.  Growth process in the MOCVD system were done at temperatures between 380 and 600ºC with growth time set is 30 min. All the grown samples were analyzed using a field emmission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). With increasing temperature the nanowire height increases but leads to significant tapering of the nanowire due to competing growth at the (111) substrate surface. At low temperatures nanowires grown are cylindrical-shaped with diameter wires between 50 and 100 nm.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/mas.v3n7p73

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Modern Applied Science   ISSN 1913-1844 (Print)   ISSN 1913-1852 (Online)

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