Statistical Analysis and Optimization of Acid Dye Biosorption by Brewery Waste Biomass Using Response Surface Methodology

V. Jaikumar, V. Ramamurthi

Abstract


Biosorption of Acid Yellow (AY 17) and Acid Blue (AB 25) were investigated using a biomass obtained from brewery industrial waste spent brewery grains (SBG). A 24 full factorial response surface central composite design with seven replicates at the centre point and thus a total of 31 experiments were employed for experimental design and analysis of the results. The combined effect of time, pH, adsorbent dosage and dye concentration on the dye biosorption was studied and optimized using response surface methodology. The optimum contact time, pH, adsorbent dosage and dye concentration were found to be 45min, 6, 0.5g, 75 mg/L respectively for the maximum decolorization of AY 17(97.2%) and 40 min, 2, 0.4g and 75 mg/L respectively for the maximum decolorization of AB 25(97.9%). A quadratic model was obtained for dye decolourization through this design. The experimental values were in good agreement with predicted values and the model developed was highly significant, the correlation coefficient being 0.89 and 0.905 for AY 17 and AB 25 respectively. Experimental results were analyzed by Analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical concept.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/mas.v3n4p71

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Modern Applied Science   ISSN 1913-1844 (Print)   ISSN 1913-1852 (Online)

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