Investigating the Moderating Effects of Size of MNCs in the Relationship between Relationship Characteristics and Degree of Inter-Firm Technology Transfer

Sazali Abdul Wahab, Raduan Che Rose, Suzana Idayu Wati Osman

Abstract


Based on the underlying knowledge-based view (KBV) and organizational learning (OL) perspectives, the main objective of this paper is to empirically examine the moderating effect of size of MNCs on the relationships between relationship characteristics: relationship quality and mutual trust and two distinct dimensions of degrees of technology transfer: degrees of tacit and explicit knowledge within IJVs. Using the moderated multiple regression (MMR), the theoretical models and hypotheses in this study were tested based on empirical data gathered from 128 joint venture companies registered with the Registrar of Companies of Malaysia (ROC). The results revealed that size of MNCs has significantly affected the relationship between relationship characteristics (relationship quality and mutual trust) and degree of tacit knowledge; where the relationship was found stronger for medium/small MNCs than large MNCs. However, size of MNCs did not moderate the relationship between relationship characteristics and degree of explicit knowledge. The study has bridged the literature gaps in such that it offers empirical evidence on the moderating effect of size of MNCs on the relationships between relationship characteristics and two distinct degrees of technology transfer: degrees of tacit and explicit knowledge using the Malaysian sample.


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Journal of Sustainable Development   ISSN 1913-9063 (Print)   ISSN 1913-9071 (Online)

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