Optimization of Coagulation Process for Landfill Leachate Pre-Treatment Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Talebi Amir, Norli Ismail, Abbas F. M. Alkarkhi, Teng, T.T


The effect of a coagulation process with ferrous sulfate as a coagulant on COD, apparent color and turbidity was evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM). A jar test method was used for the pre-treatment of mature landfill leachate of the Pulau Burung Sanitary Landfill, Malaysia. The results of response surface methodology (RSM) showed that ferrous sulfate was most efficient under alkaline conditions and with a coagulant dosage 10 g/l. At the optimum setting for coagulant dosage was 10 g/l and pH 11.7, resulted in maximum of (22%) in COD, (42%) in apparent color, and (31%) in turbidity. It was observed that the COD, apparent color and turbidity reductions decreased with pH and FeSO4 levels beyond the optimum conditions. This paper illustrates the usefulness of experimental design in running experiments and optimization. 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v2n2p159

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