Model for Dredging a Horizontal Trapezoidal Open Channel with Hydraulic Jump

Asuquo Essien Eyo


Mathematical model for dredging a trapezoidal open channel with hydraulic jump is developed using conditions of geometrical and dynamical similarities coupled with continuity and interpolation technique. Parameters like cross-sectional area, wetted perimeter, hydraulic mean depth, mean velocity etc. are determined in both the original and new (excavated) channels. A channel flow problem is solved using the model and the results obtained attest to the validity and efficiency of the model. Further application of the model in Bernoulli's equation leads to the energy dissipated in the jump for both the original and new channels.  This application enables other parameters like jump efficiency, relative energy loss, power loss and height of the jump to be determined also and compared in both channels.

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Journal of Mathematics Research   ISSN 1916-9795 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9809 (Online)

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