Agronomic and Ecological Evaluation on Growing Water-Saving and Drought-Resistant Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Through Drip Irrigation

Modinat A. Adekoya, Zaochang Liu, Eli Vered, Liguo Zhou, Deyan Kong, Jianying Qin, Ruifang Ma, Xinqiao Yu, Guolan Liu, Lin Chen, Lijun Luo

Abstract


A field demonstration trial comparing the growth status, yield ability and water use efficiency of drought-tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties and normal paddy rice variety under drip irrigation and paddy irrigation was carried out for two years in Shanghai, China. Under drip irrigation, both inbred and hybrid water-saving and drought resistant rice (WDR) varieties showed better yield capacity than paddy rice varieties tested. WDR varieties under drip irrigation attained more than 95% of the yield level that is achieved in paddy field, while the paddy varieties under the same drip condition reached only about 75%.The methane gas emission was obviously decreased under drip irrigation condition, while the emission of other greenhouse gas like nitrous oxide or carbon dioxide was not observed significant difference between drip and paddy irrigation. It could be concluded that it is practicable to grow water saving and drought resistant rice through drip irrigation. Drip irrigation maintained a competitive grain yield and water productivity, and greatly reduced pollution risk to the environment. Considering the conservative amount of fertilizer application, less than the amount of fertilization in normal paddy field, the yield potential of rice could be improved by increasing the amount of fertilizer as top application in drip irrigation system.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v6n5p110

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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