Distribution of Agroforestry Species in the Southeast Nigeria

G.N. Umeh

Abstract


This study investigated indigenous agroforestry species combinations and location pattern in Southeast Nigeria. Primary data were obtained by means of interview schedule from 400 farmers drawn by multistage random sampling technique from the zone. Data obtained were analyzed with descriptive statistical tools. General observation was also made on local agroforestry patterns. The study identified twenty-five (25) tree and shrub species as common woody components of agroforestry practice in the zone. It was also revealed that more species were located in homegardens than in farm fields. The ratio of species located in homegardens to that in farm fields was 7:4. Fruit and vegetable yielding trees and shrubs were found in homegardens while timber, stakes, fuel and economic trees were located in farm fields. Other identified species were located in both compounds and farmer’s fields mostly for boundary maintenance. Root and tuber crops were the dorminant arable crop components of the local agroforestry practice, for instance yam (71.5%), cocoyam (69.5%) and cassava (56.5%). Other important components included leafy vegetables (68.5%) and cowpea (58.5%). Rice production is least associated with the practice (4.5%) in the zone. It was recommended that extension intervention in the zone should emphasize introduction of cereals and legumes in their local agroforestry practice.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n3p271

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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