Effects of Different Light Sources on the Growth of Non-heading Chinese Cabbage (Brassica campestris L.)

Huimin Li, Canming Tang, Zhigang Xu, Xiaoying Liu, Xuelin Han

Abstract


To date, little is known about the effects of different light sources on the growth and quality of non-heading Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L.). The objective of present study was to evaluate the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) light sources (blue, blue plus red, red), fluorescent lamps and sunlight on growth and vitamin C, soluble protein, sucrose, soluble sugar, starch and pigment concentrations in non-heading Chinese cabbage seedlings. The dry mass of shoots and the fresh and dry masses of roots were highest in seedlings grown under red LEDs with weak lights. The fresh mass of roots and starch concentration were highest under red LEDs despite of the altered photosynthetic photo flux density (PPFD) levels. The concentrations of chlorophylls and vitamin C were greatest under blue LEDs with altered PPFD levels. The numbers of flower buds and open flowers were highest under red LEDs and blue plus red LEDs and were higher under LEDs than fluorescent lamps. The duration of flowering was highest under red LEDs and blue plus red LEDs. The present results demonstrate that LED light sources are more effective than fluorescent lamps for vegetative and reproductive growth of non-heading Chinese cabbage. Moreover, blue LEDs benefit vegetative growth, while red LEDs and blue plus red LEDs support reproductive growth in non-heading Chinese cabbage. In the artificial cultivation and subsequent transplanting of the life cycle of plants, the light source can be selected to meet the requirements of different growth stages of plants and be used to promote the subsequent process in the industrial production of non-heading Chinese cabbage.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n4p262

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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