A New Explanation of Heterogeneous Human Capital and Trade

Cheng-Te Lee, Yao-Hsuan Wang


This paper constructs a simple two-sector, competitive trade model with heterogeneous labor and considers two countries’ differences in both diversities and means of human capital distributions. We prove that the distributions differences affect the comparative advantage through two channels including “the diversity effect” and “the mean effect”. When the diversity effect dominates the mean effect, the country will have comparative advantages in the S-sector, and hence will lead to an expansion in the S-sector, vice versa.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijef.v4n8p93

International Journal of Economics and Finance  ISSN  1916-971X (Print) ISSN  1916-9728 (Online)

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