Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy, and Confidence

John Silvia, Azhar Iqbal

Abstract


The relative effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policies is an on-going debate among macroeconomists. Our study is the first to examine the effect of monetary and fiscal policies on confidence. We provide a theoretical framework which highlights the role of confidence in business cycles as well as the effect of monetary and fiscal policies on confidence. Moreover, we discuss how monetary and fiscal policies restore confidence, which helps to lead to economic recovery from recessions/slowdowns. Furthermore, we test the effect of monetary and fiscal policies on confidence as well as on the real GDP.


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International Journal of Economics and Finance  ISSN  1916-971X (Print) ISSN  1916-9728 (Online)

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