Preparation and Characterization of Waterborne Polyurethane Crosslinked by Urea Bridges

Kalele Mulonda Hercule, Zhu Yan, Mulenga Mbombo Christophe

Abstract


Waterborne polyurethanes are an interesting alternative to current solvent based polyurethanes used in many industries because of their high performance. In this study, waterborne polyurethane dispersion were prepared by polyaddition reaction using Polyethylene glycol (PEG Mw 2000) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) in presence of dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTL) as catalyst. The urea bridges were created between waterborne polyurethane chains to improve rheological, thermal and mechanical properties by the incorporation of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as crosslinking agent. Several properties of crosslinked waterborne polyurethane were measured by particle size distribution, viscosity measurement, IR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and strength testing. This method improves the properties of waterborne polyurethane (WPD) in increasing the crosslinking density by forming strong network and hydrogen bonds between polyurethane chains.


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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   1916-9701 (Online)

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