Antecedents of Work-Family Conflict: Review and Prospect

Jianwei Zhang, Yuxin Liu, Yuxin Liu


With the increase in the proportion of dual-earner families and work stress, there are increasing emphases placed
on the study of work-family conflict (WFC). The paper reviews that antecedents of WFC from aspects of
individual, work and family. Findings and implications include the effects of individual factors like demographic
and personality variables, the influences of work variables like work stress, family friendly programs and
impacts of family variables like family demands and spousal interactions. In addition, we propose that more
efforts should be put into theoretical development, integrative studies, individual and family variables in the

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International Journal of Business and Management   ISSN 1833-3850 (Print)   ISSN 1833-8119 (Online)

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