Pineal-Thyroid Cytophysiological Responsiveness to Altered Steroid Hormone and Antihormone Milieu in Rat (Rattus rattus)

Binu Rabindra Sinha, Rupa Chattopadhyay, Subrata Chakraborty

Abstract


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The current investigation was undertaken to asses the pineal and thyroid gland cytophysiology and function in response to exogenously altered steroid milieu following administration of steroid hormone and non-steroidal antihormones. In the present study male rat (Rattus rattus) were injected with estradiol at a dose of 2 mg, testosterone 100 µg, tamoxifen 100 µg and flutamide 2 mg per 100 g. b.w. in all cases and  injected intramuscularly for 15 consecutive days. Control rats were similarly injected with peanut oil vehicle intramuscularly for same duration as those of treated groups. The results indicated that pineal and thyroid gland response to estradiol and testosterone administration was opposite in nature, whereas estradiol induced significant hypertrophy of pineal and thyroid cytophysiology as indexed from significant increased pineal and thyroid karyomorphological and associated parameter values, testosterone on the reverse caused significant atrophy of pineal and thyroid cytophysiological parameters. Tamoxifen acted as a true estrogen agonist whereas flutamide showed androgen antagonist nature thereby causing hyperactivity of pineal and thyroid karyomorphological and associated functions similar to that observed in estradiol treated rats opposite to that shown by testosterone induction in these rats.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijb.v2n2p132

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International Journal of Biology   ISSN 1916-9671(Print)   ISSN 1916-968X  (Online)

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